Golden Lion Tamarin

Scientific name: Leontopithecus rosalia

Conservation status: endangered

Life expectancy: 8-12 years in wild

Gestation period: 125 days


Lifestyle and Location:

  • The Golden lion tamarin are native to the Atlantic coastal forests in Brazil and is an omnivore.
  • Their fist activity of a day up to 12 hours is feeding on fruit and travelling, in the afternoon they start to find insects to eat rather than fruit. Then as night falls they go to their night dens, which change every day to minimise scent, thus making it harder for predators to find them.
  • Their dens are hollowed out trees or dense vines and are used for sleep and are usually about 11-15 m off the ground.
  • Their groups are between 2 and 8 members.


This little monkey gets its name from its bright reddish-orange hair and the longer hair coming from its face and ears resembles a lions mane. They have dark and hairless faces. They weigh an average of 620 g if male and 575-622g if female and are usually around 26 cm (both male and female).

Joss‘s Facts

  • It is believed that the golden lion tamarin gets the colour of its hair from the sunlight and the carotenoids (Organic pigments found in the chloroplasts of plants) in its food.
  • They are the largest from all the callitrichines (tamarins and marmosets).
  • They are now left with only 2%-5% of their original habitat from deforestation over their existence.